embroidery machine
Qujing, Yunnan: Embroidery paves Zhifu Road in Dongshan Town

Embroidery work display and exchange study

In Dongshan Town, Qilin District, Qujing City, Yunnan Province, there has always been a folk song saying "A mountain that does not grow trees is not a mountain, and a woman who can't embroider is not a Yi family girl...". At the time of the agricultural slack season, the silver needle silk thread gradually bloomed beautiful flowers in the hands of the Yi women's skillful pairs, showing various exquisite patterns that are lifelike, and the vision for the future is also in full bloom. In the long history, the people of Dongshan have used their hard work and wisdom to create a rich and colorful national culture-embroidery, using silver needles and silk threads to draw exquisite pictures on the cloth. The themes are mostly flowers, plants and animals, with rich colors. Bright, full composition layout, rich and bright colors, fine and neat stitches, full texture and vivid three-dimensional feeling.
 
Dongshan Town has 6 villages inhabited by pure Yi people, more than 30 villages inhabited by Yi and Han people, and more than 1,200 households of Yi people. Among them, more than 800 households can embroider. They are mainly distributed in Tuogu Village Daluobai, Xincun Ajihong, and Shuijingbaizhai. The ancient Yi people live in villages. Most of the products are Yi costumes, female headgear, male gowns, ribbon waistbands, skirts, backs, etc. Among them, ethnic suits, streamers, handkerchiefs and other products have a large market demand and high economic value, and the price of ethnic suits can reach More than 2600 yuan/set, the price of the back frame can reach more than 1,000 yuan/piece, and the price of the streamer can reach more than 150 yuan/piece.
 
On the road to getting rich with embroidery, as the inheritor of the intangible cultural heritage of Qujing City and the representative of the People’s Congress of the Kylin District, Zhang Jihua, a Yi woman, led the women compatriots around her and neighboring counties to move the traditional fragmentary embroidery technology to a large-scale and commercialized road. Engaged in embroidery with Yi ethnic characteristics for more than 20 years, and has led more than 180 people with disabilities and left-behind women in Luoping, Shizong, Dongshan and other places to engage in embroidery. The annual output is more than 800 sets of ethnic costumes, more than 2,000 handkerchiefs, and several other products. The products are exported to The annual output value of Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and other regions in and outside the province has reached more than 1 million yuan, and his works have been exhibited in major events such as the China South Expo.
 
"The best thing I sell here is the streamers. On average, I sell more than 20 sets of streamers every month. The annual income is about 50,000 yuan. The sales of other products are also good. The annual gross profit can reach more than 100,000 yuan. More than 20 women in the surrounding villages embroider, and some of them can make more than 2,000 yuan a month." said Zhang Meihua, the head of the Yijia Meihua Hand Embroidery Shop.
 
Dongshan embroidery uses the spirituality of embroidered women to record life and write about nature. The pattern content is derived from life, or is based on flowers and birds in the forest, or is based on folk tales and legends, or according to one's own hobbies and wishes, relying on subtle observations of life And understand the design composition, which has a strong original charm. After thousands of years of inheritance, it has formed its own unique form of artistic expression.